Health

Obsessive-compulsive disorder and manifestations

Currently, according to statistics, the number of people suffering from psychological diseases is increasing, mostly due to pressure and stress from work and society. One of them is obsessive-compulsive disorder, which has a huge negative impact on people’s mental health. Here we learn more about this disease

What is obsessive-compulsive disorder?

Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a disease related to mental disorders, it causes the person to have thoughts, ideas or feelings (obsessions) and repetitive actions. While aware that his actions were superfluous, but they still can’t control themselves and keep acting like that (compulsion).

People with OCD do not have their physical health impacted, but it affects daily activities, in school, work and hinders building relationships around. The thoughts are persistent and intrusive, and the behavior is rigid. Failure to perform acts often causes great suffering, often accompanied by specific fears of serious consequences (for oneself or a loved one) if the behavior is not committed.

Many people with OCD know or suspect their obsessive thoughts are unrealistic, but others may think they may be true. Even if they know their intrusive thoughts are unrealistic, people with OCD still have difficulty getting rid of obsessive thoughts or stopping compulsive actions.

Manifestations of obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive-compulsive disorder has the following symptoms of thoughts and actions:

Some common obsessive thoughts include:

  • Fear of contamination by humans or the environment
  • Disturbing sexual thoughts or images
  • Religion, often blasphemy, thought or fear
  • Fear of aggression or harm (self or a loved one)
  • Extremely worried that something is incomplete
  • Extreme interest in order, symmetry or accuracy
  • Fear of losing or leaving something important
  • It is also possible that thoughts, images, sounds, words or music seem meaningless

Some compulsions about coercion:

  • Washing hands, taking showers, brushing teeth, or using the bathroom excessively or according to etiquette
  • Repeated cleaning of objects in the house Order or arrange things in a specific way
  • Constantly check locks, switches, appliances, doors,…
  • Constantly seeking approval or reassurance
  • Rituals involve numbers, such as counting, repeating, over-prioritizing, or avoiding certain numbers
  • People with OCD may also avoid certain people, places, or situations that cause them distress and cause obsessions and/or compulsions. Avoiding these can further impair their ability to function in their lives and may be detrimental to other areas of physical or mental health.

Methods of treatment of obsessive-compulsive syndrome

Currently, there are 3 common treatments that can limit as well as help patients get rid of this OCD syndrome

Treatment of obsessive-compulsive syndrome with medication

In order to support people with OCD, the doctor will prescribe treatment with medication. Although drugs do not completely eliminate the characteristics of obsessive-compulsive syndrome, they do help to help control part of the disease.

Most often, this method is used only to combine with psychological treatment to increase the healing effect. Some common medications used for patients with OCD include: Fluvoxamine (Luvox CR), Clomipramine (Anafranil), Paroxetine (Pexeva), Fluoxetine (Prozac), Sertraline (Zoloft).

Psychotherapy treatment

The effectiveness of psychological methods is to change the patient’s superfluous thinking and repetitive behavior, besides it also contributes to increasing the effectiveness of special medications.

There are 2 commonly used psychological therapies, namely:

  • Behavioral therapy: There are 2 main methods, one is to let patients express their obsessive thoughts to relieve stress. The second is to take professional measures to prevent the patient from engaging in compulsive behaviors and to prevent the formation of obsessive thought flows.
  • Cognitive therapy: helps people reevaluate their worries, thoughts, and actions so that they become self-aware of their excesses.

Self-improvement measures

Some patients have adopted self-improvement measures such as some of the following ways of home self-improvement:

  • Regularly confide in relatives and friends to receive help and words of encouragement.
  • Fully record all obsessive actions and thoughts to become self-conscious and banish them.
  • Go to bed on time and get enough sleep.
  • Actively participate in many activities outside the community and society.
  • Exercise regularly every day and eat healthy.
  • Always remember to take medication in combination with methods to minimize stress and anxiety after a long time of studying and working (e.g. yoga, meditation, deep breathing, warm bath,…).

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