Health

Signs to help you recognize thyroid cancer

The thyroid gland is shaped like a small butterfly and located in the neck, which is responsible for controlling metabolism and metabolism in the body. Thyroid cancer accounts for about 1-2% of all cancers. This is the most common endocrine adenocarcinoma (up to 90%). Most thyroid cancers are well-differentiated carcinoma, silently progressing, with a long hidden stage, and the main treatment is surgery.

Signs of Early Stage Thyroid Cancer

The majority of cases of early-stage thyroid cancer have no symptoms or symptoms are very poor, often overlooked. However, some early signs of thyroid cancer that need to be paid close attention are that patients appear abnormal nodes and tumors in the neck, the neck is swollen. These tumors are usually hard, clearly visible, moving in rhythm every time the person swallows. In contrast, the nodes are soft, located on the same side as the tumor and are movable.

Other symptoms of thyroid cancer:

  • The patient has hoarseness, voice changes
  • The body is tired
  • The glands in the neck are swollen
  • The cough that lasts forever does not go away, the cause is not a cold
  • Shortness of breath or other breathing-related problems
  • The neck hurts. The site of pain may be in front of the neck or behind the ear
  • Difficulty swallowing

Signs of thyroid cancer development

Thyroid cancer at a late stage can have serious symptoms, including:

  • The tumor is large, rigid and permanently located in front of the neck
  • The enlarged tumor gradually compresses the trachea and vocal cords, causing shortness of breath, wheezing, hoarseness
  • Choking sensation in the throat
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • The skin of the neck area is reddened, even bleeding

Signs of recurrent thyroid cancer

Signs and symptoms of thyroid cancer recurrence may include:

  • The neck is swollen or there is a lump in the neck. This tumor usually tends to grow rapidly
  • Painful sensations begin in the front of the neck, sometimes spreading to the ears
  • Shortness of breath and difficulty swallowing
  • Hoarseness, voice changes
  • Cough that is constant and prolonged but not related to a cold

With the recurrence rate of thyroid cancer up to 30%. In particular, the recurrence rate of cancer only in the neck area accounts for about 80%, the rest are diagnosed as distant metastatic recurrent thyroid cancer. Metastatic cancer is a condition in which tumors form in other locations on the body, such as the lungs, liver, and bones.

Thyroid cancer, whether primary or recurrent, has the opportunity to be diagnosed early, for patients with thyroid cancer who have received treatment, it is necessary to monitor the disease closely regularly, and follow up on doctor’s appointment.

Methods for diagnosing thyroid cancer

Some diagnostic methods that patients may be tested for are as follows:

  • Blood test: helps measure the concentration of calcitonin present in the blood;
  • Use a small needle to aspirate the suspected thyroid cell to determine whether it is benign or malignant thyroid nucleus;
  • Thyroid ultrasound: to detect and evaluate the properties, characteristics and number of nodes in the neck;
  • Biopsy: this is a technique to detect cancer cells present in the thyroid gland

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